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Land

Adverse possession – before 2003

LRA 2002 came into force on 13 October 2003. From that date, the new regime introduced by the 2002 Act provides a restrictive regime for the registration of squatters.

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Right of way – actionable interference

The existence of a private right of way over a development site can have a major impact on the site’s potential value. So, to what extent can the developer change the right of way?

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Wales – LTT

 A reminder that Welsh land transaction tax came into force on 1 April 2018, as the Welsh version of SDLT (Scotland also has its own separate regime).

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Party wall – service methods

Party Wall Act 1996 lists various methods by which notices and documents ‘may’ be served. Since that list pre-dates the use of e-mails, it was assumed that service by e-mail would be invalid; accordingly, Regs were passed in 2016 saying that e-mail could be used – provided the recipient agreed.

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Fencing – positive easement

For many years the courts have recognised an obligation to fence as being a binding obligation that can run with the land. Such fencing easements are not ‘true’ easements since they impose a positive (not negative) obligation.

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Right to light – LA power

A recent dispute involving Chelsea’s proposed new stadium has illustrated how an LA can intervene to override the private right to light.

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Timeshare – defences?

In practice, it can be extremely difficult to defend a timeshare claim, even though the client may complain of having been pressurised into a one-sided contract. In practice, there will often be no express ‘exit’ provisions in such contracts and there will be obligations to pay annual fees whether or not the property is used.

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Compulsory purchase – changes

Compulsory purchase procedures have been changed by Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017. Not all of the Act is in force, but these changes came into force in September 2017:

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Surveyor negligence – ‘but for’ damages

It seems a simple question – but it has taken the Supreme Court to come up with an answer (and that answer has been much criticised). The question is this: a lender makes Loan 1 to a borrower. Later, the lender makes Loan 2 to the same borrower – but about 75% of Loan 2 is to be used to pay off Loan 1. However, it turns out that the surveyor who did the valuation at the time of Loan 2 was negligent, and the property was worth less. Accordingly, the lender sues the negligent surveyor for the losses arising. Are those losses the full 100% of Loan 2, or just 25% (given that 75% was already owed on the property)?

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Public right of way – s31(6) deposit

There are several ways in which new public rights of way can be created: by express grant, by order of a public authority, or by ‘dedication’ by the landowner (which can be either express or implied). In practice, the most common of these is presumed dedication (ie implied dedication), which can be either at common law or by statute. In practice, statute is by far the most common, and the statutory test for presumed dedication is set out in s31(1) HA 1980:

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Most-read articles

Constructive trusts – property
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
The author gives a helpful analysis of a ruling following a claim to establish a constructive trust or proprietary estoppel in respect of a domestic property. The deceased died intestate while living... Read more...
Professional negligence – adjudication
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
The Professional Negligence Adjudication Scheme is run by the Professional Negligence Bar Association. It offers a voluntary ADR procedure, modelled on the adjudication system in construction... Read more...
Waste – L’s liability
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
Ls should be aware of the environmental enforcement obligations that may be incurred as a result of T’s activities. Read more...
Part 36 – late acceptance
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
If a Part 36 offer is accepted out of time (ie outside the 21 day period) in a low value protocol case, then what are the costs consequences? In particular, does late acceptance mean a liability to... Read more...
HMOs – new rules
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
The definition of house in multiple occupation (HMO) changes on 1 October 2018. The new definition covers properties occupied by five or more people, comprising two or more separate households. Read more...
Energy efficiency – reassessment by T?
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
The Energy Efficiency (MEES) Regs mean it is no longer possible to grant new leases to properties with an EPC of F or G. Moreover, existing lettings of F and G properties will become unlawful from... Read more...
Knotweed – nuisance
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
Last year, we had county court claims in Cardiff and Truro in which it was held that the encroachment of Japanese knotweed would be actionable as a ‘private nuisance’. The Cardiff cases have now... Read more...
Procedure – expert witnesses
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
Expert witnesses must comply with court rules and related guidance appropriate to their area of expertise. New guidance for paediatric expert witnesses in family proceedings has now been issued. Read more...
Self-employed – or worker?
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
The Pimlico Plumbers case was seen as a victory for workers in the gig economy, with the Supreme Court looking at the reality of the relationship (rather than the legal labels attached). So, what... Read more...
Offences – mens rea
Wednesday, 12 September 2018
This was a pre-trial appeal of a ruling at a preparatory hearing. The two appellants (A) faced charges under s17 Terrorism Act 2000 of sending money overseas, or arranging to do so, knowing or having... Read more...

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